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Maternity benefits are reduced to increase the birth rate


The Obstetric assistance In Spain their birth rate cannot increase, quite the opposite. Despite the fact that the government is relentless in its efforts to subsidize working mothers and fathers, birth rates are falling. It is well known that Europe preceded it The demographic challenge And that European Union He has been researching for years what public policies to implement to deal with this. Progressive Population Aging, Decreased fertility and Delayed delivery They, along with other factors such as migration and rural population, are the cause of greatest concern.

In 2020, he was born in EU 4.071 million children, which corresponds to a crude birth rate (number of live births per 1,000 people) of 9.1. Over the past 20 years, Europeans in general have had fewer children: for comparison, the birth rate in the Union was 10.5 in 2000, 12.8 in 1985 and 16.4 in 1970. Spain, in particular, has been dragging for years. Negative vegetation balance. According to data published by National Institute of Statistics (INE)In 2021 There were 336,247 births compared to 449,270 deaths. In other words, 113,023 more people died than came into the world.

Women in the EU tend to have fewer children when they are younger and more first births later. So while that’s the case Fertility rates for women under 30 have fallen since 2001, the proportion of women older than that age has increased: in 2001, women aged 25–29 had the highest fertility rate of all age groups. In 2020, the fertility rate peaked in the 30- to 34-year-old age group, with the range also increasing for those over 40 years of age. Eurostat.

In Spain, women become mothers at the age of 32.

Spanish mothers are no exception and have also increased the average age of giving birth for the first time 31.22 to 31.54 years In 2021, the highest record A historical series that never stops growing. What is causing this change in family planning? Certainly socioeconomic and labor conditions can provide some clues. with the Spain’s young population is liberatedOn average, it 29.8 years and labor markets in which Youth unemployment rate At 30.1% by age 24 and 23.3% by age 29, it is not surprising that in practice young women decide to postpone or postpone motherhood.

And what national governments are doing Solve this situation?

Permission for the birth and care of a child

in your country Working fathers and mothers are entitled to 16 weeks’ pay of birth certificate child’s Permission is also requested online at the offices of the National Social Security Institute (INSS) and due to the health crisis caused by the coronavirus. In addition, both autonomous communities and the central administration offer different deductions and assistance for childbirth, at least in the first years of the baby. in January and September of this 2022 354,618 permits have already been requested with a budget of more than 2,000 million.

While this is true, these benefits are far removed from those found in other neighboring countries, where both the amount and the offer are higher. For example in Luxembourg, Germany, Austria, Ireland Y France AndThere is universal help for every child, with a volume of 120 to 180 euros per month. In the same line, Denmark It offers a more ambitious paternity and maternity leave of up to 12 months.

Maternity deduction

Working mothers A deduction of up to 1,200 euros per year can be made In the income statement of each child under 3 years of age or collect them in advance, which is about 100 euros. If you wish to be charged in this way, you must submit “Treasury Model 140” It can be downloaded from the online page of the tax agency.

Child care deduction

Mothers who get maternity deduction can also avail it Deduction of up to 1,000 euros per year for childcare expenses or kindergarten. Of course, until the child is three years old.

Deductions for large families

The Large families General categories, single-parent families with two children and children with disabilities A deduction of up to 1,200 euros per year can be made If at least one parent contributes to Social Security, collect it in the income statement or in advance. Requests can be made on the Treasury page.

Assistance with multiple births or adoptions

About the A single payment that depends on the interprofessional minimum wage (SMI) for the year In which adoption or multiple births occur. Thus, if 2 children are born or adopted, the SMI is multiplied by 4; If 3 children are born or adopted, SMI is multiplied by 8; And if 4 or more children are born or adopted: SMI is multiplied by 12.

Special rate for self-employed

The Self Employed Mothers, that is, self-employment, maternity, adoption, parenting for adoption purposes can access a flat rate of 60 euros for one year within 24 months after the cessation of their activity. Additionally, they can 100% discount on quota For the care of children under 7 in which case they replace the hours they spend with their children.

Supplements to help children with IMV

This is a help that is For families with low incomes or those receiving Minimum Vital Income (IMV). who have minors in the coexistence unit. The amount depends on the age of the children. Intended for children under 3 years of age 100 euros.

About 2.3 million children are at risk of poverty in Spain. More than one in four minors. A total of 27.4%, behind only Romania (30.8%) and Bulgaria (27.5%). Some figures in that place The fourth economy in the euro is third on the child poverty podiumExceeding the average rate in the EU by almost ten points (18.5%).

Source: lainformacion.com

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