The aquaculture industry ‘harvests’ 30% of the entire Spanish fishing area
The Spanish fishing fleet is the largest in Europe and the largest in the world. In 2021, the 8,700 Spanish fishing vessels employed 31,000 people And pulled from the sea 787,258 tonnes of fishwhich represents the basic income, at the base of the port, 2,043 million euros. In any case, the figures show a decrease of 11% compared to the previous year. Fishing restrictions in many fishing groundsIssues such as low quotas, fuel costs, the now ban on bottom fishing by the EU have caused extractive fishing to lose ground in relation to aquaculture, which today, A 2021 ‘harvest’ of 327,309 tonnes of fish in 2021, already representing 30% of all fish ‘produced’ in Spain. Fish farming has been flourishing in our country for a long time Shrimp Those born, raised and reproduced in Medina del Campo (Valladolid) or Atlantic salmon that will soon be raised ValdereboloA small town of 25 inhabitants in the province of Guadalajara on the banks of the Tajuna River.
According to APROMAR (Spanish Aquaculture Business Association) the aquaculture harvest figures in Spain in 2021 totaled 327,309 tonnes with a value of 629 million Euros at the first sale. For example, 255,303 tons Mussels; of Bass (23,924 tonnes), rainbow trout (15,357 tonnes) and sea bream (9,632 tonnes) as the main species. They are followed by Turbot, Corvina and Sol. The species, all of them, have ‘democratized’ aquaculture in recent years and made it available to many consumers, although they have faced an increase in production costs in the past year.
But in addition, there is another jewel in the crown of Spanish fisheries, viz Red tuna, which is produced in our fisheries mainly in Murcia, especially in the waters of the city of Cartagena, in the open sea. About 6,000 tons of this prized fish are produced there every year and distributed to more than 40 countries, including Japan, with 70% exported. United States, China or Korea.
In Spain they are operating and with production A total of 5,102 fish farming establishments. Of these, 4,842 were mollusc farms and 150 inland aquaculture farms, for fish such as rainbow trout and sturgeon. There were 67 establishments on the coast, beaches, intertidal areas and estuaries and 43 nurseries for marine aquaculture. The fisheries sector has 5,656 workers and the associated indirect employment was estimated at 31,195 jobs.
This sector has grown tremendously in recent years It is able to grow shrimp 300 kilometers from the sea. In Medina del Campo, in the center of Tierra de Campos, on a plateau, deep in Castile. There, Nore Seafood, a company founded in 2008 by Norwegian Bjorn Esfame, has a hatchery with 24 pools and a shrimp production capacity of 200 tons per year. Not even from Sanlúcar or Vinaroz: we already have prawns born and raised in Madina del Campo, milking lambs, Rueda wines and cereals in Castilla. The company has also closed the reproductive board and The first European shrimp ‘farm’ has been established which also breed larvae without importing from the United States. As the locals say, “Medina del Campo is now Medina del Mar”.
The company’s investment so far is close to 30 million euros. And why in Medina del Campo? “due to the quality of the water, ideal for the breeding of Vanami shrimp and the strategic location near Madrid” but from Portugal, halfway to the French border and Ports like Vigo, Gijón or Bilbao.
A shrimp, the Nore in Valladolid, which has been awarded the highest possible score (3 stars) in the prestigious Superior Taste Award 2022, which the International Taste Institute celebrates annually with the best chefs in Belgium. Thus, after more than 12 years of investment in R&D, Noray has become the benchmark for sustainable aquaculture in Europe. “A Strive for Sustainability” which has been awarded with ASC certification, making it the first indoor shrimp farm in the world to receive such recognition. In addition, Nore recently received the Food of Spain 2022 award.
On October 25, the Official Gazette of Castilla-La Mancha published an autonomous government order declaring as a priority project the construction and opening of a fish farm for the breeding and marketing of Atlantic salmon in the Guadalajara city of Valderebolo in Alcária. Investment and production of 36.8 million euros in a project in charge of the company Region Cold Water Madrid 30 direct jobs The municipality, a town with only 25 inhabitants, is located in the Alcaria region, 65 kilometers from Guadalajara and 128 kilometers from Madrid. With this announcement, the project will benefit from the priority process framework, as well as the streamlined and administrative simplification established in the law for the development of priority projects, which will make it possible.Soon we can talk about the beginning of work”, according to the company and the regional government. The works include the conversion of the old Valderebolo fish farm, which has been dedicated for 40 yearsTo farm rainbow trout. The fish farm has 19 production ponds for the pre-fattening and fattening stages, with a surface area of 5,900 m2 and a production volume of 4,600 m3. It also has a processing and packaging plant for aquaculture products with organic certification, where you can make everything from fresh produce to ready-to-eat products. With the ability to deep-freeze and store frozen products. The proximity of A-2 places the industry at a strategic point for land transportation while transporting both raw materials and finished products.
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