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Why is the province of Guadalajara excluded from new aid to Spain and what is the argument for requesting it?

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The province of Guadalajara has two realities, so different from each other that sometimes they can even seem like two different regions. Next to Madrid is the Henares Corridor, one of Spain’s main business centers and economic engines, but also the so-called “European Lapland” due to its high population in the European Union. And in fact, in this area, the “heart population” as some experts call it, the PRESURA National Repopulation Fair was recently held, the first time it has been held outside of Soria. Señorio de Molina, Sierra Norte and many other parts of Guadalajara are among the least densely populated in the entire country and in the European Union.

Castilla-La Mancha approves population map: 523 municipalities at extreme risk

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However, the latest aid has been announced for the provinces of Soria, Teruel and Cuenca to halt population loss. The government of Emiliano García-Páez and the Castilian-Manchego Socialists first celebrated in style Pedro Sánchez’s announcement of new tax cuts for an empty Spain. But after some time, the need to reclaim the role played by the province of Guadalajara, excluded from the new measures, is taking shape in the regional government and the PSOE. Currently, Emiliano Garcia-Page’s executive is in talks with Moncloa to salvage the situation.

With greater intensity in municipalities with up to 1,000 inhabitants, for companies located in these regions, permanent contracts include reducing social security contributions, existing and new contributions signed.

The question is: Why isn’t Guadalajara included? The answer is given by provincial administrative limits and guidelines established by the European Commission to allow states to establish measures to help depopulated areas. There are two classifications of statistical territorial units (NUT): NUT2 zones will be identical in Spain with autonomous communities and NUT3 with provinces.

94% of Guadalajara’s territory is more populous than Cuenca, Soria or Teruel

NUT2 must have less than 12.5 inhabitants per square kilometer. In Spain they are Cuenca, Soria and Teruel. Guadalajara has an average population density of 21.7. But here their two realities come to the fore. 6% of the province’s 80% population is concentrated in the Corridor del Henares, while the remaining 94% has a density of 5 inhabitants per km2, that is, half of those worse than all the Spanish provinces.

Provincial Secretary of the PSOE in Guadalajara, President of the Regional Courts, Pablo Bellido, explained to elDiarioclm.es that the executive of Emiliano García-Page has asked the central government and the European Union government to allow the guidelines. Include “infraprovincial zone”. This is something that is solved in the relief map by the so-called “adjacent contiguous” zone.

“When the EU reviews the guidelines in 2021, it will not only grant access to the provinces but also to these new figures, as long as they meet the requirement of less than 12.5 inhabitants per km2, which 94% of the province of Guadalajara I will comply with”, Bellido details. .

However, there are also provinces such as Zamora, Castellón and Segovia that are requesting this aid based on the same criteria. But Guadalajara’s differential exponent is that it is the only province in Spain adjacent to the three affected by the aid map, and it is also in the middle of all of them. Also, 94% of the population has more population than others. It is also the most densely populated area in the European Union, with only two inhabitants per km2.

Another reason for its inclusion: “Europe has established that if more territories are included in the population, concessions must be made to other populous provinces. For example, if the territory of Zamora is included, the capital of Soria will be removed. Or if Daroka were included, In Zaragoza, the capital of Teruel will be removed. In the case of Guadalajara, this will not happen because, like Cuenca, Castilla-La Mancha, a region already recognized as Zone A. It is already a beneficiary of European aid and exempts the population or harms any capital of another province. Delivery is not required.

The provincial PSOE leader stressed that the European Commission reflected the imbalance between the rural and urban worlds and “should not be allowed to leave the worst”. “If there is an area that everyone recognizes as the center of population in Spain and Europe, it is almost the entire province of Guadalajara.”

Map of Laws Against the Population of Castilla-La Mancha

This analysis is also endorsed by the anti-population law of Castilla-La Mancha, another argument that is being negotiated with the government of Pedro Sánchez. In this regulation and the subsequent policy, 13 rural areas are at extreme population risk, another seven are in severe population conditions, three are considered “at risk” (only dry), five are in “intermediate diversity”. situation. (referring to the economy), another five in “intermediate agricultural” conditions, and six peri-urban (areas with large populations and at least apparently without resident problems).

There are two categories for sparsely populated areas: densely populated areas (groups of municipalities with a density of more than 2 inhabitants per km2) and highly populated areas (groups of municipalities with a density of less than 2 inhabitants per km2).

Then the so-called areas of population risk are established: those groups of municipalities or population centers with a population density of less than 12.5 inhabitants per km2, a high rate of aging and their negative population evolution, more than 30,000 Moderate or low accessibility compared to municipalities with inhabitants, high importance of agricultural employment, more than 75% of the population lives in municipalities with less than 2,000 inhabitants, uses both agricultural and forestry land.

Five Castilian-La Mancha provinces are on that map, to a greater or lesser extent. But the most serious problem of loss of inhabitants is Guadalajara. In fact, in the zoning of its rural environment, four zones are distinguished with 266 municipalities at extreme risk of depopulation (including Siguenza, Pastrana or Brihuega).

So the question of ‘alcarreño exclusion’ did not go away. The Guadalajara Provincial Council has approved a proposal, an initiative of the Socialist Group, in which it considers all these arguments and requests that the “adjacent contiguous” areas of the province be included in the regional aid map, including Cuenca, Teruel and Soria.

Apart from this institution, the PSOE has taken the matter to the Parliament of Castilla-La Mancha and registered an initiative to debate the inclusion of Guadalajara in this aid in a plenary session. To this end, it will prepare a resolution, which is expected to be approved by its absolute majority, the executive of Pedro Sánchez and the European Union to consider this request.

Entrepreneurs have also spoken. CEOE-CEPYME Guadalajara has announced that it will continue to work to ensure that the most populated areas of the province are included in this aid. “In Guadalajara there are two very different realities, the Corridor del Henares area, with high population density and commercial activity, and the rest of our province, which has some of the lowest population density areas in Europe,” he emphasizes. .

“If this is not achieved, further imbalances may arise”

Pablo Bellido
Secretary General of the PSOE of Guadalajara

The business community of the province points out that this aid is given to the neighboring provinces, so the employers are going forward, they are going to work so that they “reach these needy areas, so that the businessmen and entrepreneurs will benefit, and all this is due to the rural environment, the population determination and the lack of the province. Favorable for wealth creation in preferred areas and populations”.

The matter has become a priority for the governments of Castilla-La Mancha, both in Madrid and Brussels. Now, the PSOE is confident that there will be a political and social consensus for this request. “If this is not achieved, an imbalance may arise. If Alcolea del Pinar (Guadalajara) doesn’t help but Medinaceli (Soria) does, ten kilometers away and with a larger population, any company will decide it’s better to invest after “escalating the problem”.

“This is justice and we must work together. We are right and this is a matter of non-argument, unlike water and other issues that have divided us. If we go together, we will convince those who rule today and those who rule tomorrow”, concluded the socialist leader.

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Source: eldiario.es/

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